Infertility affects couples around the globe with the inability to produce their own genetic offspring. Factors that can affect conception to occur for males can be, low/no sperm, malformed sperm, short life sperm, spermatic tube blockage, undeveloped or damaged testes, from STD and/or trauma, or genetic disease.
Women may face anovulation (failure to ovulate) due to stress, hormonal imbalance, tumor, cyst, ovary disorder, obstructed fallopian tubes, pelvic endometriosis, poor embryo implantation. It’s estimated that 40% of couples are affected with infertility cases.
The use of ‘in vitro fertilisation’ techniques are one of the treatments offered to help. A few facts about this treatment are:
- Dr Edwards, Embryologist, develops human culture media for embryo fertilisation aka the ‘petri dish’ and partners with Dr. Steptoe, Gynecologist, who develops the method of using laparoscopy to implant embryos.
- Hostility and criticism was endured by both pioneers, from their peers, government, religious sectors as saying that IVF was creating ‘Frankenbabies’.
- Lesley Brown volunteers to undergo the IVF technique and succeeds in conception, declared officially pregnant.
- The birth is attended by government officials to document the baby is truly Lesley Brown’s child.
- July 1978, England, is the first to announce successful birth of a ‘test tube baby’ with no defects or abnormalities.
- IVF treatment availability comes with strict regulations such as specific age, diet, number of embryo transfers and weight next to differing costs.
- Medical tourism provides couples to opt for lower cost and regulations, of IVF treatment, in developing nations vs developed nations.
- Research today, is exploring how embryos attach to the lining of the womb when implanted thus possibly answering why the IVF cycle can prove unsuccessful.
- A high incidence of miscarriages with IVF treatment are common. Studies have shown miscarriages occur due to Aneuploidy, abnormal numbers of chromosomes.
- Stem cell research has succeeded in creation of viable offspring in animals but no reports of live human births from artificial gametes has been recorded yet.
- Research has shown that approximately 50% of Western men have decreased sperm counts.
Investigating the underlying causes of infertility are performed for both partners. This may require sensitive and specialised tests to determine if infertility is due to one or both partners. Mutual immunological incompatibility may be suspect and exposure to pollutants is also another consideration.
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Article(C)2016 – current ACI| An Informal Cornr, all rights reserved. Ginsense writes articles on business skills, development, health, science, technology and society and enjoys advocating for independence, security and a better world for all of us. She is also a VEA available for Hire 🙂