All posts by Ginsense

About Ginsense

Ginsense loves to share knowledge in business, science, health, environment, advocating for improving our lives next to working quietly on embroidery projects.

Dainty Mug of Tea


The legend of the first cup of tea is said to date back to 2737 B.C.E. China and the emperor Shen Nung. Today, a dainty mug of tea is enjoyed by many around the world. Do you have a favorite tea?

Most popular blends of tea available today can be bought in the half or one pound as loose tea or in tea bags. Tea keeps longer than coffee but should be stored in airtight containers and far from food so not to absorb their flavors. Can you imagine drinking tea with a hint of additional flavoring, like potatoes?

Tea has a History

Herbal teas and Tisanes originated when England taxed tea and colonial American women protested. They made tea with infusions of raspberry leaves, sage, seeds, herbs and flowers. Many of these remain popular today such as comfrey, peppermint, verben, sassafras, rose hips and chamomile.

Tea can be drank around the clock and your decision whether hot, cold, black, green, pick-me-up or lay-me-down. Some tea’s will have caffeine that is slow release and lower than our morning cup of coffee. As for me, I will drink coffee in the morning but end my day with a cup of black or herbal tea, especially in winters. A few suggestions for tea are as follows ;


Gyokuro or Sencha, Japanese green tea
English or Irish Breakfast, brisk taste with a modest kick of caffeine to get the day started.
Ceylonese, iced, add lemon and lavender to combat dryness within.


Earl Grey, usually with splash of milk and provides slow and low release of caffeine.
Rembeng Assam black tea, a rich malt flavor and a coppery finish, organic.


Silver Needle White Tea, subtle and sweet, low caffeine
Peppermint, need I say how it tastes?
– Rooibos Red tea, no caffeine

Tea and Iced Tea Cocktails

Blueberry Tea, add Amaretto liqueur
Green Tea, add Grand Marnier
Peppermint Iced tea, lemonade, peppermint tea, lemon liqueur, garnish with mint sprigs.
Lavender Iced tea, lavender flowers, black currant tea, lemon juice, Cassis liqueur, brandy.

Traditions of Tea New and Old

Tea can be enjoyed by our children also. Offer them iced, no caffeine tea’s, herbal or fruit tea rather than soda beverages especially when they’re bored with water. Tea in England can be quite the posh and swanky event with their ‘low’ tea tradition, to ward off hunger, usually held after lunch and before dinner and far more elegant than vending machine offerings. ‘High’ tea refers to the working and poor class having tea around dinner.

Learning in Motion

Learning Resources

Top 50 List of Herbal Teas & their benefits, uses

How To Grow Your Own Herbal Tea Garden

Medicinal Uses for Herbal Teas: Evidence PDF

Herbal Tea – Bulk Herb Store

Tea Gifts | Uncommon Goods

Host your own Tea Party

Today as in the past, hosting or attending a tea party can be entertaining with the use of elegant tea accessories and done for graduations, bridal shower, baby shower, retirement party or gathering of close friends. A opportunity to decorate with linens, silverware, fine china, sweet delicacies or a casual affair with a pot of tea and plate of cookies. I appreciate those events that offer tea next to the coffee pot, how about you?

I hope you found this article informative. Please feel free to leave your comments and Share your own observations or experiences. Use the ‘Ask a Question’ form on a topic of your own interest. It is FREE to subscribe by my RSS feed.

An Informal Cornr, all rights reserved. Find articles on business skills, development, health, science, technology and society and advocating for independence, security and a better world for all of us.


Communications Satellites Orbit Fly By, what?

artificial satellites orbit Earth

Internet satellite providers have been around for quite a few years but had to overcome many problems and most importantly, deal with maintaining a reliable signal. Do you know how far they have improved?

A number of their past problems had to correct low bandwidth restrictions and high, abysmal rates of disconnections. Today’s satellites are manufactured with quality parts and more powerful therefore helping internet satellite providers, to overcome their own problems and gain equal ground with DSL and cable internet providers.

Artificial Satellites Orbit Earth

Satellites made by man are called artificial satellites whereas natural satellites refers to objects such as our moon. Artificial satellites fall into categories depending upon their purpose or mission, such as the following;

Scientific research
– Weather
– Communications
– Navigation
– Earth observing

The use of powerful radio transmission signals allows for internet connectivity, and gaining in popularity with their reliability and easy access, no matter how remote or on the road. The improvements in today’s communication satellites can relay digital television programs, telephone calls, broadband and DSL internet connectivity. Access to the world is literally in our hands once we get ourselves that satellite dish, modem and cables.

Fly high, medium, low Orbit satellite signals

Communication satellites can be found to orbit at various altitude orbits, again, depending upon their purpose and travel in one of four types of circular orbits, such as ;

High altitude, geosynchronous
– Medium altitude
– Sun-synchronous, polar
– Low altitude

Signals that are transmitted are quite capable at providing stability and wide coverage across the globe. They can work together relaying information between each other, and to users on the ground, maintaining a strong signal. Towers with ground satellites are set up on Earth that work with the satellite in orbit, relaying signals via transmission and receivers.

Many businesses will find today’s satellite internet provider to be quite reliable and a truly, superior technological tool whether they are at a fixed address or mobile. Today’s satellite internet providers can bridge the gap between no service, and opening communications for improving economic productivity, and especially during natural disasters when regular cell phone signals are out.

towers to transmit and receive signals via satellites in orbit

Careers in Satellite communications

The use of efficient satellite instrumentation techniques, computers, and miniature electronic technology in the design and construction of satellites have helped, to pave the way for an alternate source of internet connectivity for those in remote and rural areas.

Satellite internet service providers can now provide organizations with quick and cost effective access to the internet, send and receive communications without being stranded, in an emergency or disaster. Now, that’s quite a feat for us, don’t you think?

Careers in this field can be found in various areas of interest. First, of course working with satellites in orbit, is the Satellite Engineer. He ‘designs the programs’ that controls the orbit of the satellite, and it functions plus more. They are usually hired in defense and aerospace industries.

Other education requirements would be Bachelors degree in Aerospace engineering, Electrical or Mechanical engineering, and Master degrees. Working with satellites will require skills in electronics, electricity, aircraft and helicopter flight dynamics, space flight, maths, working on, or creating new technologies. An exciting, and challenging career choice. Average salaries can reach $117K annually. A Professional Engineer license, and security clearance may also be required.

stationary high, medium and low orbit artificial satellites

Other career choices can be found back on Earth too. One can enter the Aerospace Engineer technician program, as an alternative career. These professionals ensure safety of space crafts by building testing equipment, set up simulations, test and compile reports from data with these tests. Average salary for this career ranges up to $66K annually.

Electrical engineers can have interesting career choices too. Designing, creating and testing electrical components for vehicles, communication systems, and EV motors, are areas that need these skill sets. Average salary for this career ranges to about $99K annually. Check with your University of interest plus research job postings, to keep up-to-date with salaries, education requirements, and job trends.

The areas of aerospace may seem intimidating but isn’t that what we thought of high school before starting? Keep faith, and there’s always a tutor to help too. Dream big, you got this. 🙂

Learning in Motion

How do Satellites work in space?
Reading Resources

What Does an Aerospace Engineer Do?

What Are Some Popular Aerospace Careers?

Aerospace Activities and Lessons

21 Best Graduate Aerospace Engineering Programs

I hope you found this article informative. Please feel free to leave your comments, and share your own observations or experiences. Use the ‘Ask a Question’ form to send a request on a topic of  interest to you. It is FREE to subscribe to my RSS feed.

Related –> Fun with Road Travel Communications


Poisoned Fracking Waters Last Forever

forest waterWater is a natural resource and a necessity for life, for every man, woman, child, plant and animal on our planet, to survive. It is that liquid which falls upon our planet as rain and feeds our seas, lakes, rivers and is the main component of all living matter. We know that pure water is colorless, odorless, tasteless, transparent and is made up of hyrdogen and oxygen, H2O. So why is ‘hydraulic fracturing‘ a huge concern?

The idea of creating wealth and prosperity sounds great, on the surface. Money to go around for everybody in varying amounts. So, what lies behind this industry that has people concerned? Drilling holes for gas and oil doesn’t seem so horrible. We dig holes for water wells. There is a difference though. Drilling for oil and gas use chemicals and create permanent, toxic, waste water which can greatly affect clean water sources and all life forms.

Our Earth has naturally formed water aquifers. Groundwater that is contained at varying depths underground, with permeable material (sand, clay, gravel) and non-permeable rock. They have been used for thousands of years by Man as water sources. This water is near clean since it’s gone through ‘nature’s own filters‘ such as sand, gravel, clay and rocks. It’s considered ‘potable‘ water.

Potable : fit for drinking

A big oil or gas business decides they will start to drill using ‘hydraulic fracturing’, with government approval. A part of the drilling process includes pumping of sand, water and ‘additives’ at very high pressures, to keep the thermal friction of the drill bit down and hold ‘fractures’ open. They will and do, find one of these aquifers. They won’t have pumping or additives while they send this drill further till they hit the bottom of the aquifer.

Seals, usually concrete are then added around the drill pipe at the bottom of the aquifer. It is assumed this will stop and/or prevent ‘contamination‘ of the aquifer. Drilling below the aquifer continues and ‘additives’ in the solution are once again, added. Additives that are used, are as follows :

  • Acid to clean ‘cement’ in pre- perforated (temp sealed) pipes
  • Hydrochloride acid (HC1), used in pools
  • Corrosion inhibitors
  • Radioactive isotopes (to track flow, short lifespan)
  • Sintered bauxite (proppant, keep flow open, allow flow of fluids)
  • Zirconium oxide (proppant, keep flow open, allow flow of fluids)
  • Gluteralheride (prevent bacterial growth)
  • Potassium (and other salts, clay control)
  • Peroxydisulfates (a ‘breaker’, breaks down gelling viscosity, increase ‘flow’)
  • Scale inhibitors (prevent high concentrations of calcium sulfate, carbonate + barium sulfate)

A few concerns are, there is not enough long term research available with the effects on full mixtures of the chemicals used. It’s said, there’s only a tiny percentage of chemicals used but fail to mention – used EACH day of operation. How much does 0.01-0.001% of chemicals per day add up to, per month? three years? Over the life of a typical gas well, up to 100,000 US gallons (380,000 l; 83,000 imp gal) of chemical additives may be used.

Acid used to ‘open‘ temporarily ‘cement‘ sealed pipe perforations- could, or how would, this particular chemical, over the long term, affect concrete seals, in an underground aquifer? A sample of some unanswered questions. A big business will say that ‘patents‘ need to be protected which would provide detailed lists of chemicals used therefore closed to the public, for closer examination.

Creating fractures in the Earth may provide exit portals for other gases such as methane, benzene, radon or other volatile compound emissions (Encana Gas Leak). Not to mention, fractures may occur towards an aquifer- since there is no real control, in directing a fracture. Is there safeguards in place for such ‘leaks’? Speaking of leaks, what about the leaks that occur over time in the pipes themselves, from deterioration? What about slurry overflow, from wastewater pools? Direction of slurry flow in rain? Or effects on migratory birds swimming in open pools of wastewater due to addition of rain? Evaporation from these wastewater pools? What of the risk of sinkholes? Blowouts?


Drilling near natural fault lines has also caused earthquakes. Siesmologists and monitoring equipment is kept nearby or on stand-by. Most micro-earthquakes may not be taken too seriously by the industry but is a concern to people. What if a fault is ‘fractured’ that releases pressure causing a massive quake? Would wastewater pits survive such a catastrophe? Or any natural disaster that may come along?

A few recommendations made by people have been as follows:

  • make full disclosure of chemicals mandatory
  • results for full cumulative effects on groundwater, surface water and air
  • politics and other bodies not interfere, sway or disrupt Environmental studies
  • full water cycle be studied, water to air to ground and back
  • soil, water and air be continuously monitored near and around these industries
  • remove profit and financial concerns, make environment a priority
  • strict alcohol and drug testing on workers, to prevent accidents
  • Environment protection be provided transparency and accessibility
  • explore improving treatment of frack water (evaporation, pyrolysis, too expensive)
  • have spill projections and protections in place before a spill
  • monitor long term effects of chemicals used
  • priority on risk vs benefits
  • report of gas emissions from frack water should postpone or halt drilling
  • report hazardous waste should be public priority
  • state of health ong term reports for those living near drilling sites be monitored
  • report rate of well failures
  • report long term effects of abandoned wells
  • report effects of well sites in high rain climates
  • priority on ensuring concrete ‘seals’ are not leaking (Gas Migration Update)
  • require pre-drill water, soil and air tests for comparison testing
  • require wastewater treatment before disposal
  • require baseline contamination levels of water sources before drilling starts
  • use cleaner bio-degradable chemicals
  • intesify penalties on violations
  • remove exemptions on use of dangerous hazardous chemicals
  • ensure water use for whole area of population cannot be compromised
  • non-disclosure agreements for drilling operations should be removed

I would prefer that we live in a world, that is able to provide clean water for our homes, farms and gardens. We can turn on the taps for drinking or enjoy watching birds and wild critters at the lake. It is a major resource that should receive 100% of our full attention and protection. If there’s any type of apocalyptic world coming, it would be a poisoned environment.

I hope you found this article informative. Please feel free to leave your comments and share your own observations or experiences. Use the ‘Ask a Question’ form on a topic of your own interest. It is FREE to subscribe by email or RSS feed.

Article(C)2009 An Informal Cornr, all rights reserved. Ginsense writes articles on business skills, development, health, science, technology and society and enjoys advocating for independence, security and a better world for all of us.